Prince Rainier III (Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi; 31 May 1923 – 6 April 2005) ruled the Principality of Monaco for almost 56 years, making him one of the longest ruling monarchs in European history. Though internationally known for his marriage to American actress Grace Kelly, he was also responsible for reforms to Monaco's constitution and for expanding the principality's economy from its traditional casino gambling base to its current tax haven role. Gambling accounts for only approximately three percent of the nation's annual revenue today; when Rainier ascended the throne in 1949, it accounted for more than 95 percent.
|Full name at birth||
Rainier Louis Henri Maxence Bertrand Grimaldi
|Claim to fame||
Prince of Monaco
|Date of birth||
31 May 1923
|Place of birth||
Monte Carlo, Monaco
|Date of death||
6 April 2005
81 (age at death)
|Place of death||
|Cause of death||
Lung, Heart And Kidney Problems
15 April 2005Cathedral of Our Lady Immaculate, Monaco-Ville, Monaco
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